SAVE THE GAME WITH “CPR”
(Complete Practices with Repetitions)
Superior talent should overcome inferior talent, but equal talent + superior preparation most likely will defeat equal talent and sometimes even superior talent. It could be that the basketball teams have similar talent-levels and that the critical reason for one team having a better chance to win might be because of better preparation.
Here are some random thoughts where just one of these thoughts could better prepare a coaching staff. Even a slightly better prepared staff could slightly prepare that basketball team to “put it over the edge” with an advantage.
Have a Master Practice Plan for each month of the season.
Have a Master Practice Plan for each week of the season.
Have a daily Practice Plan that includes short time periods for each drill and
topic/subject that is to be covered.
- Repeat important drills in the same practice that need more time and emphasis.
Each coach should stay very close to the time limits of each daily Practice Plan.
Each coach should carefully plan each practice plan and make sure that all
important subjects and phases of the game are included in the plan. These phases could be categorized in the following:
- Individual Offensive and Defensive fundamentals.
- Half-Court Man-to-Man Offensive Plays and Continuities.
- Half-Court Zone Offensive Plays and Continuities.
- Half-Court Trap Offenses.
- Full-Court Press Offenses.
- Delay Game Offenses.
- Half-Court Man-to-Man Defense.
- Half-Court Zone Defenses.
- Half-Court Trap Defenses.
- Full-Court Press Defenses.
- Baseline and Sideline Out-of-bounds Offenses.
- Baseline and Sideline Out-of-bounds Defenses.
- Last Second Shot Offensive and Defensive Situations.
- Transition Drills.
- Rules Education Sessions.
- Late Game Time and Score Situations.
- Conditioning with Fundamental Skills.
Each coach should carefully evaluate the practice plan just finished before
planning the next practice.
Have game-realistic drills that encompass offensive fundamentals and situations,
defensive fundamentals and situations and transitional fundamentals and
Integrate each drill with competition and various forms of pressure with the losing group having some form of a light penalty.
Have individual as well as team breakdown drills for offenses as well as defenses.
Teach players with the “Whole-Part-Whole” method, especially when installing a new team offense or defense.
Include transition either before or after the main topic covered in the drill.
Have free throw shooting drills that include offensive and defensive rebounding
integrated in the drill.
Have the free throw shooters shoot only in pairs of free throws.
Utilize the free throw shooting drills on regular intervals and only immediately
after physically demanding drills.
Integrate other basketball skill fundamentals within the framework of all
Include “Rules Education” sessions in practices.
Have “special situations” segments on a regular and frequent basis.
Walk through the opposition’s offenses and stress defensive techniques that
should be utilized.
Have lighter practice sessions the immediate practice before and after game-days.
Slightly shorten the practice sessions during the last one-third of the season.
Incorporate film or tape sessions to reinforce or to critique previous game
During the last one-third of the season, at least once abruptly call off a scheduled
practice and do something as a team that has nothing to do with basketball (such
as playing wiffle-ball in the gym, taking the team to a movie or bowling, or
simply sending the team home).
There are three major components in the successful administering of basketball practices. These vital components are:
- Practice planning. This must be done by the coaching staff before the actual practice takes place.
- The execution of the practice plan. This obviously must be done during the actual practice.
- The evaluating and critiquing of the practices by the coaching staff. This must be done after the practice has concluded.
It is of utmost importance to successfully perform all three of these components to have informative, time efficient, and therefore worthwhile practices to prepare your players for absolutely anything and everything that could possibly happen in a game. This is done in order for those players to be prepared and ultimately to be successful in their games.
This third component of the administration of basketball practices sometimes can easily be omitted, forgotten, and ignored. It is a requirement for successful programs to devise an overall master plan of each of the daily practice sessions. This tool aids a coach to plan ahead and also to keep a season-long summary of past practices to record every aspect and phase of the game. This “diary of the practices” should illustrate the frequency and the quality of each and every drill and activity of every practice session.
The “MASTER PRACTICE PLAN” is an invaluable instrument that will help a coaching staff insure that every fundamental, every drill, every skill, every rule, every aspect of the game is taught and practiced. Each activity is documented and accounted for, and evaluated. This should help the staff from having any “practice slippage.” No drill or phase of the game is then assumed that it was covered or forgotten by the coaching staff. Every phase of the game is effectively and efficiently taught, reinforced, practiced, and repeated for the players’ development in an organized system of practice planning. This long range plan can be for any length of a time period—by the week and/or by the month.
The “DAILY PRACTICE PLAN” should contain certain key elements, such as:
- the name of the activity,
- the time period for that specific activity,
- the “major points of emphasis” for that specific drill or activity,
- as well as the overall practice’s “major points of emphasis” for that day.
For the coaching staff’s recordkeeping and evaluation purposes, each drill/activity can (and should be) classified into one of the twenty-one categories, with the amount of time spent, as well as the staff’s overall evaluation of that drill/activity. The “DAILY PRACTICE PLAN” keeps the coaching staff focused and on task, avoiding the many types of distractions that can take place to prevent the staff from accomplishing what they have attempted to set out to do in that day’s practice. It also becomes an instrument to where they can critique and evaluate themselves, the practice, and their team’s daily and overall progress. See Illustration # 1.
PHASES, ASPECTS, AND ACTIVITIES INCLUDED IN THE DAILY PRACTICE SESSIONS
I. STRETCHING & FUNDAMENTALS BREAKDOWN WORK
II. SHOOTING DRILLS
100s) TIMED SHOOTING DRILLS,
200s) CLOSEOUT SHTG.-DRIBBLE,
300s) CLOSEOUT SHTG-DRIBBLE,
400s) 55 SEC. SHTG.,
500s) 55 SEC. “RAPID FIRE” SHTG.,
600s) POWER SHOTS,
700s) FLEX BREAKDOWN SHTG.,
800s) “35” SHOOTING CONTEST,
900s) “BEAT MICHAEL JORDAN” SHOOTING DRILL,
1000s) “FOLLOW YOUR SHOT” DRILL,
1100s) “FREE THROW “SWISH” DRILL,”
1200s) SOLO SHOOTING DRILL,
1300s) FT BONUS SHOOTING,
1400s) “TENNESSEE FREE THROW SHOOTING” DRILL
III. MAN OFFENSES
- a) MAN OFFENSE ENTRIES
- b) MAN OFFENSE CONTINUITIES
- c) MAN OFFENSE BREAKDOWN DRILLS
IV. ZONE OFFENSES
- ZONE OFFENSE ENTRIES
- ZONE OFFENSE CONTINUITIES
- ZONE OFFENSE BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- V. DELAY OFFENSES
- a) DELAY OFFENSE CONTINUITIES
- b) DELAY OFFENSE BREAKDOWN DRILLS
VI. HALF-COURT TRAP OFFENSES
- TRAP OFFENSE CONTINUITIES
- TRAP OFFENSE BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- VII. PRESS OFFENSES (vs. Zone Presses, Man Presses, Run & Jump Presses)
VIII. SIDELINE AND BASELINE “OUT-OF-BOUNDS” PLAYS (OFF. AND/OR DEF.)
- “NORMAL” SITUATIONS,
- “QUICK” SITUATIONS”
- IX. “LAST-SECOND SHOT” SITUATIONS (OFFENSE AND/OR DEFENSE)
- a) FAR ENDLINE,
- b) (Near) SIDELINE,
- c) (Far) SIDELINE, or
- d) BASELINE
X. FREE THROW SITUATIONS & JUMP BALL SITUATIONS (OFFENSE AND/OR DEFENSE)
- OFFENSIVE REBOUNDING “STUNTS” (“Jack & Jill,” “Rambo,”
2. INTENTIONAL MISSES (on “our” part and our “opponent’s part”)
- LATE GAME AND OTHER SPECIAL SITUATIONS (OFFENSE AND/OR DEFENSE)
XII. DEFENSIVE FUNDAMENTALS AND BASICS
- a) “Defensive Stance” Drill,
- b) “Push-Push” Drill,
- c) “Push-n-Talk” Drill
- d) “PRIDE DRILL”
- e) “SHELL DRILL
- f) “0 MATCHUP ZONE” SHELL DRILL
- g) “PASSING GAME” LIVE ACTION (Offense and Defense)
- h) “TRIANGLE POWER GAME” LIVE ACTION (Offense and Defense)
- i) “FLEX GAME” LIVE ACTION (Offense and Defense)
XIII. TRANSITION DRILLS
- a) FROM OFFENSE to DEFENSE (“Man” Offenses, “Zone” Offenses, from
B.O.B. & S.O.B. Plays)
- b) FROM OFF. to PRESS DEFENSES (“Man” Offenses, “Zone” Offenses, or
B.O.B. & S.O.B. Plays)
- c) FROM DEF. to OFFENSE (“Man” Defenses, “Zone” Defenses, from O.B. & S.O.B. Defenses)
- d) “SUPER TRANSITION” DRILL (From “Offense” to “Defense” )
XIV. PRESS DEFENSES
- “10 Press” Full Court Press Defense (1-2-1-1 Full Court Zone Press)
- “20 Press” Full Court Press Defense (2-1-2 Full Court Zone Press)
- “30 Press” Full Court Press Defense (Full Court “Run and Jump” Press)
- “40 Press” Full Court Press Defense (Full Court “Run and Trap” Press)
- “55 Press” Full Court Press Defense (Full Court Man to Man Press )
- “DELAY” Defenses
XV. “5” DEFENSE (Half Ct Man to Man Defense)
- a) MAN DEFENSE INDIVIDUAL BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- b) MAN DEFENSE TEAM BREAKDOWN DRILLS
XVI. “30” DEFENSE (“Run and Jump Switch” Full Court Press Defense)
- a) “Run and Jump” DEFENSE INDIVIDUAL BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- b) “Run and Jump” DEFENSE TEAM BREAKDOWN DRILLS
XVII. “40” DEFENSE (“Run and Trap” Full Court Press Defense)
- a) “Run and Trap” DEFENSE INDIVIDUAL BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- b) “Run and Trap” DEFENSE TEAM BREAKDOWN DRILLS
XVIII. “0” MATCHUP ZONE DEFENSE (1-1-3 Zone)
- a) “0” ZONE INDIVIDUAL BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- b) “0” ZONE TEAM BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- c) “3” Zone (1-3-1 Matchup)
- d) “2” Zone (2-3 Matchup)
XIX. “1” TRAP (1-2-2 HALF COURT DEFENSE)
- a) “1” TRAP INDIVIDUAL BREAKDOWN DRILLS
- b) “1” TRAP TEAM BREAKDOWN DRILLS
XX. “BASKETBALL RULES” EDUCATION
- Interpretations on various rules for different situations
XXI. CONDITIONING WORK
- “Leaper/Jumper” Conditioning Work
- or “Heavy Rope” Work
- or “Jump Box” Plyometric Work
- or “Weight Lifting”
- and “Sprint Work”
- and “Positive (Fun) Activity to end the practice”
- and Announcements about meetings, bus departures, practice times.
Through years of coaching and teaching experiences, this philosophy has been developed; so that each specific practice helps develop individual players (as well as the overall team) in their techniques, skills, knowledge and understanding of the game for their overall preparation for games. Each practice should be guided with a Practice Plan that covers all aspects of the game. These practices have a format incorporated within the framework that challenges each player both physically and mentally. Each drill is limited to a short time period that will prevent staleness and boredom. But because each essential drill and technique can (and should) be repeated, the skills of each player can be taught, practiced, corrected and improved on. Each practice should at times “re-teach,” “re-view” and “re-peat” certain techniques, concepts and theories that are important for individual players and for the team to be successful.
Having Comprehensive Practices with Repetition will help a team over-achieve and be more successful than it possibly could have.